The Chinese Chongqing dog came into being in the Sichuan and Chongqing regions of China 2000 years ago. Though he was predominantly bred for hunting, he also served as a guardian. He plays the latter role today.
This dog was already well-known in the region by the Han Dynasty (206-220 A.D.) He faced extinction at various points throughout his history, and he is still difficult to find. His rarity is due to deliberate, selective breeding.
He was an invaluable pet for impoverished Chinese farmers, as he could hunt animals and small game. A draw of this dog was that he could work independently or with a pack. Fearsome, he could even kill predators. Owners treasured him for his fighting instinct.Some reported that he could fend off tigers. He is a symbol of luck and protection.